OSHA compliant fire extinguisher installations are easy with OVAL
OVAL’s 5 LB and 10 LB portable dry chemical fire extinguishers are only 3 inches deep, when measured front to back. This unique quality enables easy compliance with the ADA’s 4 inch projection limit. The 4 inch protrusion rule was implemented primarily to protect people who are blind or have low vision.
The 2010 ADA standards, which went into effect in 2012, also require that accessible fixed building elements such as coat hooks and fire extinguisher hooks be no higher than 48 inches. Many retailers install fire extinguisher hooks higher than 48 inches so that they avoid collisions with shopping carts.
Many state and local building codes also require compliance with the ANSI A117.1, ICC A117.1, and/or IBC Chapter 11 accessible design standards. These standards also limit the protrusion depth to 4 inches and the installation height to 48 inches.
The IFC® INTERNATIONAL FIRE CODE® also states “Section 1003.3.3 Horizontal projections. Structural elements, fixtures or furnishings shall not project horizontally from either side more than 4 inches (102 mm) over any walking surface between the heights of 27 inches (686 mm) and 80 inches (2032 mm) above the walking surface.” Only Oval Brand fire extinguishers always comply with the IFC Section 1003.3.3 protruding object guidelines as they are applied to surface mounted fire extinguisher sizes 5 lbs and larger.
Only OVAL has the solution which allows for fire extinguisher installations above shopping cart heights while maintaining accessibility when needed at 48 inches and protruding less than 4 inches. We call this solution the S.A.F.E. mounting system. (Safe Accessible Fire Extinguisher)
OSHA requirements for portable fire extinguishers can be found at Portable fire extinguishers. – 1910.157
OVAL Fire Products has sent to OSHA a Request for Interpretation of 1910.157(c)(1) to rectify the conflicting standards (i.e. OSHA, ADA, & ICC/ANSI A117.1) for maximum allowable height, protrusion limits, and clear floor areas for approach.
Americans With Disabilities Act (ADA) Guidelines For Fire Extinguishers & Cabinets
The following guidelines should be used when fire extinguishers and/or fire extinguisher cabinets are located in public accommodations and commercial facilities subject to Title III of the Americans with Disabilities Act (ADA):
Wall Projections (Protrusions)
ADA Accessibility Guidelines (ADAAG) specify that objects projecting from walls with their leading edges between 27″ and 80″ above the finished floor shall protrude no more than 4″ into walks, corridors, passageways, or aisles. Objects mounted with their leading edges at or below 27″ may protrude any amount.
ADA Guidelines specify reach ranges for building occupants who require access to equipment such as fire extinguishers and other fire safety devices.
For an unobstructed approach, the maximum forward reach to this equipment (for example, the fire extinguisher handle) is 48 inches above the floor. The maximum side reach for such an approach is also 48 inches (as of year 2012). The actual mounting heights for cabinets housing this equipment can be determined by reviewing the exact dimensions of the specified cabinet and the positioning of the fire equipment within that cabinet. Please note that these ADAAG reach range requirements fall with the NFPA (National Fire Protection Association) guidelines. The NFPA guidelines state that the distance from the floor to the top of the fire extinguisher to be no more than 5 feet, however the federal ADA guidelines should be followed as well.
For more information please visit the Accessibility Guidelines for Buildings and Facilities website or call the United States Access Board at 1-800-872-2253.
The year 2010 revision to the ADA standards can be found at http://www.ada.gov/regs2010/2010ADAStandards/2010ADAStandards.pdf
The 2010 standards went into effect in the year 2012.
State & Local Requirements
Many states, counties and municipalities reference ICC / ANSI A117.1 in their building codes. The 2009 edition of ANSI A117.1 can be found at https://law.resource.org/pub/us/code/ibr/ansi.a117.1.2009.pdf.
Many states, counties and municipalities reference the IFC® INTERNATIONAL FIRE CODE® in their building codes. The 2009 edition of the IFC® INTERNATIONAL FIRE CODE® can be found at https://law.resource.org/pub/us/code/ibr/icc.ifc.2009.html
CRPD & ISO 21542
Please note that should the United States Senate ratify the Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities (CRPD), it is likely that the ADA standards will be harmonized with the international accessibility standard, ISO 21542. The new international accessibility guidelines, ISO 21542, are slightly different than the ADA guidelines in regards to fire extinguishers. The ISO height limit to the fire extinguisher handle is 43.3” (1 100mm), and any objects with a leading edge higher than 11.8” (300mm) cannot project more than 4” (100mm). The OVAL fire extinguisher is well suited to comply with the ISO 21542 guidelines for height and depth of protrusion.
ADA Protruding Object Rule 201 Standards
Additional Links Regarding Fire Extinguishers and ADA Accessibility
- New Hampshire State Fire Marshal confirms that the ADA height limit for fire extinguishers is 48″
- Northfield Ohio states that the maximum height for fire extinguishers is 48 inches
- Merced County, California, agrees that the height limit for fire extinguishers is 48 inches
- US Department of Justice (DOJ) letter which confirms the height and protrusion limits for fire extinguishers and cabinets